5 indicators to detect heart disease

Heart

Such news has appeared frequently recently, young people died suddenly of heart disease after the college entrance examination, and young people who worked overtime suffered sudden myocardial infarction.

Work, study, family, and educating children , all kinds of pressure are causing more and more young people’s hearts to work overloaded.

The following 5 early manifestations of heart disease. Please test yourself:

1. Blue veins on the neck

If there is a protruding blood vessel extending from the collarbone to the earlobe, called the external jugular vein, which is about the thickness of a little finger and is usually invisible, but if it can be seen recently, it is likely to be right heart failure. At the same time, if the lips and tongue are purple , you should also be alert.

2. Lower limbs are always swollen

Edema in the lower limbs is often a manifestation of obstruction of venous blood return due to heart failure, and often occurs in middle-aged and elderly people.

Lower Limb
Lower Limb

3. Panting when going upstairs

Exercise is a quick indicator of heart function . Heart function is divided into levels 1-4, with level 4 being the worst. If you are out of breath just by going up the stairs, your heart function may already be level 2 or 3.

4. Chest pain

The heart is the most diligent and never-resting organ in the human body, so what does it fear the most?

Lack of oxygen . If the heart is not supplied with enough oxygen, chest pain and discomfort will occur. If you often have chest pain, you need to be alert to heart disease. In case you suddenly have severe heart pain, then you may have a myocardial infarction!

Chest pain
Chest pain

5. Not getting enough sleep

People with poor heart function have insufficient oxygen supply throughout the body, which causes tissue cells to be in an oxygen-deficient environment. They often secrete more lactic acid, which makes them feel tired for a long time and they don’t want to do anything but sleep.

How to detect heart disease?

Three magic weapons for heart disease detection:

1. Cardiac ultrasound

Cardiac color ultrasound can dynamically display the heart structure, heart beat and blood flow.

The heart has four chambers – the left and right atria and the left and right ventricles. The chambers are separated by “walls” (myocardium), and the doors (valves) are the channels for blood to flow through the chambers.

Heart Beat
Heart Beat

When some children are born, there are holes in the walls of their rooms – atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect , which is what we often call congenital heart disease.

Patients with hypertension, due to long-term high pressure load, their myocardium becomes enlarged and their walls become thicker and thicker. This is hypertensive heart disease.

Some people have valvular heart disease, which causes the hinges of the door to rust due to infection – the valve is narrowed or incompletely closed, resulting in the door not opening and closing smoothly, affecting the normal flow of blood.

2. Electrocardiogram

The main thing is to understand the number and rhythm of heartbeats.

A normal person’s heart beats 60 to 100 times per minute. Generally speaking, a beat rate below 60 is bradycardia, and a beat rate above 100 is tachycardia.

A normal person’s heartbeat is as precise as a clock. If it is sometimes fast and sometimes slow, it is often called arrhythmia.

Once the heart beats irregularly, it will cause symptoms such as palpitations, chest tightness, shortness of breath, fatigue, and even dizziness and fainting.

But sometimes arrhythmias do not occur all the time and cannot be capture by ordinary electrocardiograms. There is also a small box that can be carry on the body – a dynamic electrocardiogram, which can “catch” arrhythmias at any time of the day!

3. Coronary angiography

The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply the heart itself. By using contrast agents, doctors can clearly see the thickness of the coronary arteries under X-rays.

Generally, with increasing age, the coronary arteries will become less and less smooth. Diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, etc. will further accelerate this process.

If the blood vessels are block by more than 50%, the body will experience various clinical symptoms with chest pain as the main manifestation when it is excited, tired, etc. This is the legendary “coronary heart disease” and you need to take medicine to control it.

If the blockage is more than 75%, and the chest pain and tightness are obvious, it is necessary to expand the narrowed blood vessels – “stent”; or transplant blood vessels from other places – “bypass”!

Dr.X said:

As the pace of life becomes increasingly faster, heart problems occur more and more frequently.

Once there is a problem with the heart, it is difficult to reverse it and it will be too late to take any medicine.

The only way is to discover it early.

When the heart, the organ in the human body that is least afraid of fatigue, gets tire, the consequences can be devastating.

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